When deciding whether to become an Airbnb host, it's important for you to understand the laws in your city. As a platform and marketplace we do not provide legal advice, but we want to provide some useful links that may help you better understand laws and regulations in Quebec.
This list is not exhaustive, but it should give you a good start in understanding your local laws. If you have questions, contact the CITQ, the Régie du logement, or other agencies directly, or consult a local lawyer or tax professional.
In the province of Quebec, the laws provide a distinction between those providing a tourist accommodation in their principal residence and those providing a tourist accommodation outside of their principal residence.
A classification certificate from Tourisme Québec is required by the province in certain cases. As of July 31, 2018, the Minister of Tourism announced that the classification certificate is now clearly optional for any person offering a tourist accommodation in their principal residence for rent to tourists, in return for payment, for periods of 31 days or less. For those offering a tourist accommodation that is not in their principal residence, consult the Tourisme Québec website for the current guidelines on who is required to obtain the classification certificate.
A permit or certificate is required for certain types of businesses in Montreal. You should review these requirements to determine if they apply to your activity. Further information on permits and certificates for businesses in each borough is available here.
Regulations on zoning in a municipality in the province of Quebec may apply to your listing. In the case of Montréal, the Master Plan explains the city's planning and development vision, including land use and building density policies in Part 1 (Chapter 3.1). In Part II, the Master Plan contains information for individual boroughs, including land use designation. Zoning and other urban planning by-laws for the city of Montreal are available here.
In Quebec, rent increases may be subject to the rent control system administered by the Quebec Régie du logement pursuant to standards set out in the Regulation Respecting the Criteria for the Fixing of Rent. You should review these standards carefully if you plan to collect or adjust rent. More information on rent control is available here.
Under an Act respecting the Quebec sales tax, a tax on lodging applies each time an accommodation unit is rented for more than six hours and up to 31 consecutive days in most tourism regions in Quebec, including Montreal, as explained on the Revenu Québec website. The province of Quebec and the municipalities collect various other taxes that may apply to residents renting out accommodation units. Find more information on provincial administration of taxes is available and municipal taxes for Montreal.
- Please note that since October 1, 2017, Airbnb has been automatically collecting the 3.5% tax on lodging on behalf of Airbnb hosts. This tax is collected on all bookings that are less than 30 consecutive days made on the Airbnb platform in any of Quebec’s 22 tourist regions and is remitted to the Province of Quebec. For more information on this collection agreement, visit the Revenu Québec website.
It is also important to understand and abide by other contracts or rules that bind you, such as leases, condo board or co-op rules, HOA rules, or rules established by tenant organizations. Please read your lease agreement and check with your landlord if applicable.